Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2020
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
NOTE 3 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its Subsidiaries. All significant inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. References herein to the Company include the Company and its Subsidiaries unless the context otherwise requires.
The Company considers cash, short-term deposits, and other investments with original maturities of no more than ninety days when acquired to be cash and cash equivalents for the purposes of the statement of cash flows. The Company maintains cash balances at two financial institutions and has experienced no losses with respect to amounts on deposit. The Company held no cash equivalents as of December 31, 2020 and 2019.
On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”) and all the related amendments. The Company elected to adopt this guidance using the modified retrospective method. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.
The core principle of ASC 606 requires that an entity recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. ASC 606 defines a five-step process to achieve this core principle and, in doing so, it is possible more judgment and estimates may be required within the revenue recognition process than previously required under U.S. GAAP, including identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation.
The Company had no revenue in 2020 and 2019 from continuing operations.
Stock Based Compensation
The Company applies the fair value method of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 718, “Share Based Payment”, in accounting for its stock-based compensation with employees and non-employees. This standard states that compensation cost is measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award and is recognized over the service period, which is usually the vesting period. The Company values stock-based compensation at the market price for the Company’s common stock and other pertinent factors at the grant date.
The Black-Scholes option pricing valuation method is used to determine fair value of stock options consistent with ASC 718, “Share Based Payment”. Use of this method requires that the Company make assumptions regarding stock volatility, dividend yields, expected term of the awards and risk-free interest rates.
Research and Development
Research and development costs are expensed as incurred. Research and development costs were $362,456 for year ended December 31, 2020, and are a result of the License Agreement for the Company’s drug Technology executed during the period (see Note 13 – Commitments and Contingencies). The Company did not incur any research and development costs during 2019.
Fair Value Measurement
The Company measures fair value in accordance with a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (Level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3 measurements). The Company’s convertible Bridge Notes are valued by using Monte Carlo Simulation methods and discounted future cash flow models. Where possible, the Company verifies the values produced by its pricing models to market prices. Valuation models require a variety of inputs, including contractual terms, market prices, yield curves, credit spreads, measures of volatility and correlations of such inputs. These convertible Bridge Notes do not trade in liquid markets, and as such, model inputs cannot generally be verified and do involve significant management judgment. Such instruments are typically classified within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.
Equity Method Investment
Investments in partnerships, joint ventures and less-than majority-owned subsidiaries in which we have significant influence are accounted for under the equity method. The Company’s consolidated net income includes the Company’s proportionate share of the net income or loss of our equity method investee. When we record our proportionate share of net income, it increases income (loss) — net in our consolidated statements of operations and our carrying value in that investment. Conversely, when we record our proportionate share of a net loss, it decreases income (loss) — net in our consolidated statements of income and our carrying value in that investment. The Company’s proportionate share of the net income or loss of our equity method investees includes significant operating and nonoperating items recorded by our equity method investee. These items can have a significant impact on the amount of income (loss) — net in our consolidated statements of operations and our carrying value in those investments.
In accordance with ASC 205-20 Presentation of Financial Statements: Discontinued Operations, a disposal of a component of an entity or a group of components of an entity is required to be reported as discontinued operations if the disposal represents a strategic shift that has (or will have) a major effect on an entity’s operations and financial results when the components of an entity meets the criteria in paragraph 205-20-45-10. In the period in which the component meets held-for-sale or discontinued operations criteria the major current assets, other assets, current liabilities, and noncurrent liabilities shall be reported as components of total assets and liabilities separate from those balances of the continuing operations. At the same time, the results of all discontinued operations, less applicable income taxes (benefit), shall be reported as components of net income (loss) separate from the net income (loss) of continuing operations.
The Company disposed of a component of its business pursuant to a Separation Agreement in November 2020, which met the definition of a discontinued operation. Accordingly, the operating results of the business disposed are reported as income (loss) from discontinued operations in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations for the years ended December 31, 2020, and 2019. For additional information, see Note 4 – Separation Agreement and Note 14 - Discontinued Operations.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Depreciation is computed on the straight-line method, based on the estimated useful lives of the assets as follows:
Expenditures for maintenance and repairs are charged to operations as incurred.
Income taxes are accounted for under the asset and liability method as stipulated by FASB ASC 740, “Income Taxes” (“ASC 740”). Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carry forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. Under ASC 740, the effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities or a change in tax rate is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. Deferred tax assets are reduced to estimated amounts to be realized by the use of a valuation allowance. A valuation allowance is applied when in management’s view it is more likely than not (50%) that such deferred tax will not be utilized.
In the event that an uncertain tax position exists in which the Company could incur income taxes, the Company would evaluate whether there is a probability that the uncertain tax position taken would be sustained upon examination by the taxing authorities. Reserves for uncertain tax positions would be recorded if the Company determined it is probable that a position would not be sustained upon examination or if payment would have to be made to a taxing authority and the amount is reasonably estimated. As of December 31, 2020, the Company does not believe it has any uncertain tax positions that would result in the Company having a liability to the taxing authorities; however, federal returns have not been filed since the Company’s inception in 2014. Such delinquencies are being resolved by management and a retained tax expert. Interest and penalties related to any unrecognized tax benefits is recognized in the consolidated financial statements as a component of income taxes.
Basic and Diluted Loss Per Share
Net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per share is calculated by dividing the net loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period plus any potentially dilutive shares related to the issuance of stock options, shares from the issuance of stock warrants, shares issued from the conversion of redeemable convertible preferred stock and shares issued for the conversion of convertible debt.
At December 31, 2020, there were the following potentially dilutive securities that were excluded from diluted net loss per share because their effect would be anti-dilutive (all shares adjusted to reflect a 25:1 reverse stock split effected on September 4, 2020):
At December 31, 2019, there were the following potentially dilutive securities that were excluded from diluted net loss per share because their effect would be anti-dilutive (all shares adjusted to reflect a 25:1 reverse stock split effected on September 4, 2020):
U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”) requires the Company to make judgments, estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements, the reported amounts of revenues and expenses, cash flows and the related footnote disclosures during the period. On an on-going basis, the Company reviews and evaluates its estimates and assumptions, including, but not limited to, those that relate to the fair value of stock based compensation fair value of convertible bridge notes, and deferred the valuation allowance on deferred tax assets and contingencies. Actual results could differ from these estimates.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases (Topic 842)”, requiring management to recognize any right-to-use-asset and lease liability on the statement of financial position for those leases previously classified as operating leases. The criteria used to determine such classification is essentially the same as under the previous guidance, but it is more subjective. The lessee would classify the lease as a finance lease if certain criteria at lease commencement are met. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018. Effective January 1, 2019 the Company adopted ASU 2016-02 which did not have an impact on the consolidated financial statements of the Company as the Company has no leases that meet the scope of ASC 842.
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718), Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which is intended to simplify the accounting for nonemployee share-based payment transactions by expanding the scope of Topic 718 to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. The guidance is effective for fiscal years and interim periods within those years beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted, but no earlier than an entity’s adoption date of ASC 606. Effective January 1, 2019 the Company adopted ASC 2018-07 and it did not have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued guidance that amends fair value disclosure requirements. The guidance removes disclosure requirements on the transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy in addition to the disclosure requirements on the policy for timing of transfers between levels and the valuation process for Level 3 fair value measurements. The guidance clarifies the measurement uncertainty disclosure and adds disclosure requirements for Level 3 unrealized gains and losses and significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Entities are permitted to early adopt any removed or modified disclosures upon issuance and delay adoption of the additional disclosures until the effective date. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this new guidance on its consolidated financial statements and disclosures.
Certain reclassifications of prior year amounts have been made to conform to the 2020 presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on net loss or loss per share as previously reported.
Concentration of Risk
The Company expects cash to be the asset most likely to subject the Company to concentrations of credit risk. The Company’s bank deposits may at times exceed federally insured limits. The Company’s policy is to maintain its cash with high credit quality financial institutions to limit its risk of loss exposure.
The Company had no revenue from its continuing operations in 2020 and 2019. Revenue included in discontinued operations was generated from one related customer in 2020 and two related customers in 2019.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef